Treatment For Protein In Urine


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What Can Be Done If The Urinalysis Reveals Proteinuria With Signs Of Bleeding And Inflammation

Diagnosis & Treatment of Foamy Urine | Dr. Vikas Jain

If the urinalysis reveals inflammation or bleeding, your veterinarian may recommend further testing to look for conditions such as bacterial infection, bladder stones, prostatic disease , vaginitis , and cancer, etc. Following treatment, a repeat urinalysis is recommended to determine if the inflammation, bleeding, and proteinuria have disappeared.

What Causes Protein In The Urine

Healthy kidneys remove extra fluid and waste from your blood and transform it into urine. Healthy kidneys do not remove proteins and other important nutrients, which pass through and return to your blood. But when your kidneys are damaged, they may let this protein leak into your urine. This causes high levels of protein in your urine.

Anyone can have protein in their urine. You may be more likely to have protein in your urine if you have one or more of the risk factors for kidney disease. There are health problems that can cause long-lasting protein in the urine, and some that can cause short-term protein in the urine.

What To Do Next If Protein Is Found In Urine

If protein is found on complete urine examination it needs to be reconfirmed by repeat testing. If there is persistent proteinuria found on complete urine examination and transient causes of protein excretion ruled out, then the amount of protein in the urine needs to be quantified and nephrologist consultation to be done for further evaluation and management.

Next steps in the management includes urine examination and microscopy to check for red blood cells in urine and estimation of kidney function along with ultrasound of kidneys and urinary bladder to look for their size and evidence of any infection or stones. Based on the information obtained after the above testing and clinical examination, kidney biopsy may be required for further identification of specific cause of proteinuria, which will guide the treatment further.

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Are There Tests To Diagnose The Cause Of Proteinuria

Proteinuria itself can be diagnosed with a simple dipstick test. This involves dipping a specially treated paper strip into a sample of urine. Results are returned within one to two minutes.

To measure the exact amount of protein excreted in the urine, your healthcare provider may recommend a 24-hour urine collection test. By evaluating the composition of urine collected over 24 hours , the lab can calculate how much protein is passed each day.

What Are The Complications Of Having Nephrotic Syndrome

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Nephrotic syndrome can lead to serious complications, including2

  • blood clots that can lead to thrombosis
  • higher risk of infection caused by the loss of immunoglobulins, proteins in your blood that help fight viruses and bacteria
  • brief or long-lasting kidney problems, including chronic kidney disease and kidney failure

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Ways To Reduce Protein In Urine Naturally

Written by

26 May, 2022

Has your doctor told you that you have too much protein in your urine? This condition is called proteinuria and its important to treat it properly from the moment its first detected, as it can be an indication of kidney problems. Well tell you how to reduce protein in urine naturally in this article.So, take a look at the natural methods well bring you today to combat this problem. If your doctor authorizes them, you can use them as a complement to what they prescribe.

How To Diagnose Abnormal Protein In Urine

People with high protein in urine, often dont know about the problem and live a normal life until the problem advances. With its advancement, one may experience some body indications that are

Earlier, no symptoms appear in protein loss in urine. When the problem advances, one may experience some body symptoms which are:

  • Frequent urination
  • Muscle cramping
  • Puffiness around eyes, etc.

Based on your symptoms, your doctor can suspect you to have any kidney problem. In such a condition, your doctor suggests some laboratory tests to determine protein loss in in urine. The tests conducted are Urine tests, Blood tests, and another kidney functioning test .

Using these tests, your doctor can detect protein amount loss in urine and its cause. The whole treatment depends upon reports of the patient.

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How Often Do I Need To Have A Test For Albuminuria

People who are at increased risk for kidney disease should have this test as part of routine checkups by a healthcare provider. Those at increased risk include:

  • People with diabetes

  • People with high blood pressure

  • People with a family history of kidney failure

  • People who are 65 years or older

  • Certain ethnic groups including African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, American Indians

Why Is Finding Protein In My Pets Urine A Cause For Concern

What is Proteinuria? | Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis | Dr. Ram Mohan Sripad Bhat

Protein is a precious resource for the body, and the kidneys have an important role to prevent it from being lost in the urine. The presence of protein in urine is called proteinuria, and it may indicate that the kidneys are not working properly. In some situations, it may even be a sign of kidney failure.

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How Is Proteinuria In Children Diagnosed

Because you cant see protein in your childs urine, it must be diagnosed with a urine test. For this test, a sample of your childs urine will be collected and sent to a lab for diagnosis.

After the first test, your doctor may want to recheck your childs urine for protein. Thats because the protein will often go away on its own . If the protein is still high on the second test, your doctor may ask you to collect a 24-hour urine sample from your child. This lets your doctor measure the amount of protein in the urine more accurately.

Your doctor may test your childs blood. He or she may also order an ultrasound or CT scan. These two procedures take pictures of your childs kidneys and surrounding area to look for problems. These procedures arent painful.

To diagnose orthostatic proteinuria, your childs doctor will check 2 urine samples. The first is collected in the morning, right after your child gets up. The second sample is collected throughout the day. The samples are kept in separate containers. If your child has orthostatic proteinuria, the morning sample wont have protein in it. But the urine collected during the day will have protein in it.

What Else Causes Protein In Urine

Proteinuria causes are linked to other conditions. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two leading causes of chronic kidney disease , and kidney damage from those two conditions can result in proteinuria. Lupus, arthritis and other immune system disorders can also cause proteinuria. Protein in the urine can even be a warning sign of pre-eclampsia during pregnancy.

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What Are Clinical Trials For Nephrotic Syndrome

Clinical trialsand other types of clinical studiesare part of medical research and involve people like you. When you volunteer to take part in a clinical study, you help doctors and researchers learn more about disease and improve health care for people in the future.

Researchers are studying many aspects of nephrotic syndrome, such as

  • the kidney diseases that can lead to nephrotic syndrome, including genes that may cause these diseases
  • quality of life among people with nephrotic syndrome
  • how to best treat nephrotic syndrome

Testing For Protein In Urine


The only way to diagnose proteinuria is through a urine test, which measures the amount of protein in your urine.

The test takes place in a doctors office. During the procedure, you urinate into a specimen cup. The doctor places a dipstick, or a small plastic stick coated with chemicals, into the urine sample. If it has too much protein, the stick will change color.

The rest of the urine will be sent to a lab, where it will be examined under a microscope.

If the doctor thinks you have kidney concerns, theyll repeat the urine test three times in 3 months. This helps them rule out temporary causes of proteinuria.

A doctor might also use the following tests to determine whats causing your proteinuria:

  • 24-hour urine protein test. In this test, the doctor collects multiple urine samples over 1 day and sends them to a lab.

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Basic Principles Of Treatment Of Increased Protein In The Urine

It should be noted that an increased protein in the urine is not always a sign of any disease. The so-called physiological proteinuria manifests itself with an excess of protein food in the diet, with prolonged muscle tension, staying in the cold or in the sun, under stress. As soon as the negative factor disappears, everything comes back to normal. And in such cases, treatment of increased protein in the urine is not required.

But constantly or long-term elevated protein in the urine is evidence of very serious health problems. The higher the protein content in urine , the more real the development of renal failure.

First of all, treatment of high protein in the urine is required for glomerular diseases – acute and chronic glomerulonephritis and nephrotic syndrome. An increase in the content of proteins in urine is also on the list of symptoms of such diseases as pyelonephritis, cystitis, urethritis, kidney tuberculosis, kidney cyst, prostatitis, amyloidosis, diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic scleroderma, gout, arterial hypertension, heart failure, malaria, leukemia , hemolytic anemia.

It is clear that the treatment of increased protein in the urine can be either etiologic – aimed at eliminating the cause of the underlying disease, or pathogenetic, when the purpose of therapy is the mechanism of the development of the disease.

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Causes Of Protein In The Urine

Your kidneys, when working properly, filter waste products from your blood. They return protein and other materials that your body needs to function.

Some conditions and diseases can cause the level ofprotein in your urine to rise. Short term conditions that cause protein in the urine can include strenuous exercise, fever, heat or cold exposure and emotional distress. Long term conditions and diseases that can lead to protein in the urine include high blood pressure, kidney infection or disease, heart disease, diabetes, lupus and malaria.If a urine test reveals protein in your urine, your doctor may recommendfurther testing to determine the cause. Test may include a 24-hour urine collection to determine whether the protein in your urine is cause for concern. Your doctor may also follow up with an ultrasound or CT scan to look for issues like kidney stones or a biopsy to see what has caused damage to your kidneys.

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How Is Protein In Urine Diagnosed

Testing for protein in urine is typically done via a test called a urinalysis. This simple urine test can detect protein levels in the urine and can be conducted in a doctors office. After your urine sample is collected, it is tested with a dipstick. When your urine has large amounts of protein, the strip of paper will change color. Technicians may also examine the sample via microscope.

If a urinalysis detects protein in the urine, your doctor will likely order an additional urine test or tests to determine if you have kidney disease. Your doctor may also conduct blood tests to measure your glomerular filtration rate , which can tell them how well your kidneys are filtering out waste, as well as other blood tests if needed to help identify the cause of the proteinuria. Additional tests may include an ultrasound, CT scan, or kidney biopsy.

When your urine is tested for protein, the test compares the amounts of albumin and creatinine, an amino acid, in your urine. A urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio higher than 30 milligrams per gram observed more than twice over a three-month period may indicate kidney disease.

If you get an abnormal result that detects protein in the urine, your doctor will also probably want to check your cholesterol levels, blood sugar, and blood pressure to determine what conditions might be contributing to proteinuria.

Tests For Diagnosing Nephrotic Syndrome

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Urine dipstick test. This simple test checks for albumin in your urine. Having albumin in the urine is called albuminuria. You collect the urine sample in a container during a visit to a health care professionals office or lab. A health care professional places a strip of chemically treated paper, called a dipstick, into the urine for the test. The dipstick changes color if albumin is present in the urine.

To confirm the diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome, your health care professional may order one of these two urine tests

  • 24-hour urine collection. For this test, you will need to collect urine samples over 24 hours. Your health care professional will then send the samples to a lab for analysis.
  • Urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio . The UACR test uses a single urine sample to estimate the amount of albumin lost in 24 hours. The test measures both albumin and creatinine, a waste product of normal muscle breakdown.

Your health care professional may also order blood tests to check for low levels of protein in your blood and other problems linked to nephrotic syndrome.

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What If Proteinuria Is Present Without Inflammation Or Bleeding

If proteinuria is present and there is no sign of inflammation or bleeding, then serious kidney disease may exist. The best test to determine the severity of the problem is the urine protein:creatinine ratio . A protein:creatinine ratio that remains persistently high is a reliable indicator of serious kidney disease and possibly kidney failure. Further investigation is recommended and could include doing blood tests to assess kidney function, testing for bacterial infection or infectious disease, performing an ultrasound of the kidneys and possibly doing a kidney biopsy. Once a diagnosis has been made, effective management of the problem may be possible.

Contributors: Malcolm Weir, DVM, MSc, MPH Kristiina Ruotsalo, DVM, DVSc, Dip ACVP Margo S. Tant BSc, DVM, DVSc

When Should I See My Healthcare Provider

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You pee more frequently than you usually do, or it hurts to pee.
  • Your pee is foamy or bubbly.
  • You feel nauseous or vomit.
  • You feel dizzy, weak or lightheaded.
  • You have any swelling or puffiness around your face, abdomen or lower body.
  • Your symptoms dont improve after treatment.

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What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Proteinuria

You may not have any symptoms in the early stages of proteinuria. In advanced stages of proteinuria, symptoms may include:

  • Swelling in your face, belly, feet or ankles.
  • More frequent urination.
  • Congestive heart failure.

What level of proteinuria is concerning?

A normal amount of protein in your pee is less than 150 milligrams per day. If you have more than 150 milligrams of protein in your pee per day, you have proteinuria. The upper limit of normal can vary a bit between laboratories.

If you have 3 to 3.5 grams of protein in your pee per day, you have nephrotic-range proteinuria. Nephrotic syndrome is a relatively rare condition that causes your kidneys to release an excessive amount of protein in your pee.

What Happens If You Have Proteinuria

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Protein gets into your pee if your kidneys arent working correctly.

Glomeruli are groups of tiny blood vessels in your kidneys. They perform the first stage of filtering waste products and excess water from your blood. The waste products and excess water leave your body through your pee. Glomeruli dont allow passage of larger proteins or blood cells into your pee. If smaller proteins sneak through your glomeruli, then long, thin tubes in your kidneys recover the proteins and keep them in your body.

Proteins may flow into your pee if theres:

  • Damage to your glomeruli or tubules.
  • A problem with the reabsorption process of the proteins.

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What Causes High Protein In The Urine

Normally, glomeruli in the kidneys filter the waste products and excess water from the blood. However, if your kidneys arent working properly, proteins such as albumin may leak from the blood into the urine. If the glomeruli or tubules are damaged or if there is an excessive protein in the body, proteins will flow into the urine. Proteinuria can also happen when your body produces too much protein, such as albumin.

Chronic Kidney Disease often doesnt manifest early symptoms, but protein in the urine might be one of its early signs. Your medical provider may spot proteinuria on a urine test during a routine test.

Proteinuria can be an early indication of chronic kidney disease. Besides CKD, other kidney-harming medical conditions, that can trigger proteinuria, are:

Protein In Urine: 12 Causes With Treatment

Protein in urine is also known as proteinuria. This is a condition when the quantity of protein present in your urine is above the normal range. Proteinuria is a common problem that usually occurs when the body cannot fully digest protein from food. The undigested protein from food then passes through the kidneys and filters into the urine.

If you see red or brownish-yellow color in your urine, it is a sign of excess protein in the body. This article explains what protein in urine means and the potential causes and treatment options.

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What Is Pediatric Proteinuria

Proteinuria is an excess if protein in your child’s urine. If your child has proteinuria, its often not serious. But sometimes, it can indicate a more serious problem with the kidneys. You should watch for any signs that your childs fluids seem out of balance and check with a doctor.

If proteinuria indicates a kidney disease, your doctor will refer your child to a nephrologist, a doctor who specializes in treating kidney diseases.

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