Proteinuria In Cats Faqs
What does high protein in cat urine mean?
Proteinuria means there is too much protein in your cats urine. Persistent and excess protein levels in the urine are abnormal and usually have an underlying cause. Your veterinarian will investigate what is causing the proteinuria and determine the best treatment options for your cat.
When Treatment Is Needed
Your child will not need treatment for:
- orthostatic proteinuria the kidneys leak a small amount of protein during the day, especially when standing up or after exercise
- mild proteinuria that goes away after the first urine test this may happen during a fever or a urinary tract infection.
Your child may need treatment or to be monitored for:
- persistent proteinuria where the proteinuria does not go away
- kidney damage if it is suspected.
It is important that your child follows the treatment plan outlined by your doctor.
How Can I Reduce Protein In My Urine Naturally
Proteinuria is a medical condition that is characterized by abnormally high protein in urine. Usually, a specific type of protein is present in bloodstream which is called Albumin. This essential protein keeps electrolytes in the blood and stops their leakage. Along with that, it ensures the circulation of electrolytes throughout body.
proteinuria may occur due to some temporary medical conditions like stress, fever, dehydration, exposure to cold, etc. However, proteinuria is a primary sign of kidney problem. So, early diagnosis and a proper treatment can help you manage proteinuria effectively.
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How To Measure Proteinuria:
- Reagent strips are a useful screening tool for proteinuria although they are not sensitive for detecting low levels of proteinuria and are only semi-quantitative.
- ACR measurements should usually be performed in preference to 24 hr urine collections for determining urinary protein excretion. Units are mg/mmol .
- ACR is more sensitive for detecting low levels of proteinuria and is the recommended method for screening and measuring proteinuria in patients with diabetes.
- Measurement of ACR forms the basis of the NICE grading system for CKD see CKD stages
- For quantification and monitoring of higher levels of proteinuria PCR may be preferable.
- A PCR of 100, or ACR of 70, is approximately equal to 1g of protein per 24 hr below this level the conversion is non-linear.
How To Diagnose Abnormal Protein In Urine
People with high protein in urine, often dont know about the problem and live a normal life until the problem advances. With its advancement, one may experience some body indications that are
Earlier, no symptoms appear in protein loss in urine. When the problem advances, one may experience some body symptoms which are:
- Frequent urination
- Muscle cramping
- Puffiness around eyes, etc.
Based on your symptoms, your doctor can suspect you to have any kidney problem. In such a condition, your doctor suggests some laboratory tests to determine protein loss in in urine. The tests conducted are Urine tests, Blood tests, and another kidney functioning test .
Using these tests, your doctor can detect protein amount loss in urine and its cause. The whole treatment depends upon reports of the patient.
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Testing For Protein In Urine
The only way to diagnose proteinuria is through a urine test, which measures the amount of protein in your urine.
The test takes place in a doctors office. During the procedure, you urinate into a specimen cup. The doctor places a dipstick, or a small plastic stick coated with chemicals, into the urine sample. If it has too much protein, the stick will change color.
The rest of the urine will be sent to a lab, where it will be examined under a microscope.
If the doctor thinks you have kidney concerns, theyll repeat the urine test three times in 3 months. This helps them rule out temporary causes of proteinuria.
A doctor might also use the following tests to determine whats causing your proteinuria:
- 24-hour urine protein test. In this test, the doctor collects multiple urine samples over 1 day and sends them to a lab.
What Is The Best Cure For High Protein In Urine
Ayurvedic treatment for protein in urine may seem an outdated treatment but let us tell you that its the most effective cure for proteinuria. This holistic medical treatment mainly focusses on the internal body imbalances and correcting them naturally. In short, this natural treatment believes in working on the core of the body to correct any internal imbalance and stimulating bodys overall functionality. As a result, Ayurvedic treatment eradicates the complications of protein loss in urine and by curing the causative factors responsible for the problem. Consequently, Ayurvedic treatment for protein in urine cures your problem effectively by fixing the deep causes. In this program, herbal formulations, ancient therapies, a personalized diet and some lifestyle changes are the main elements of the treatment. Consequently, this natural treatment offers a lasting and risk-free cure to protein in urine and helps a patient live a normal life.
OPT for a reputed Ayurvedic kidney hospital like Kidney and Ayurveda to acquire the best. Overcome protein loss in urine problem with the help of Ayurvedic treatment.
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What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Proteinuria
You may not have any symptoms in the early stages of proteinuria. In advanced stages of proteinuria, symptoms may include:
- Swelling in your face, belly, feet or ankles.
- More frequent urination.
- Congestive heart failure.
What level of proteinuria is concerning?
A normal amount of protein in your pee is less than 150 milligrams per day. If you have more than 150 milligrams of protein in your pee per day, you have proteinuria. The upper limit of normal can vary a bit between laboratories.
If you have 3 to 3.5 grams of protein in your pee per day, you have nephrotic-range proteinuria. Nephrotic syndrome is a relatively rare condition that causes your kidneys to release an excessive amount of protein in your pee.
Tips For Reducing Protein In Urine
Along with medicines, some tips can help reduce protein in urine naturally at home. Some of these tips are:
- Keep your salt intake low.
- Avoid dairy products, packaged and canned foods
- Increase your vegetables and fruits intake
- Limit your protein intake
- Take sufficient fluid as recommended by the doctor.
- Manage your blood pressure and blood sugar levels
Along with these tests, one should opt for the best Ayurvedic treatment for protein in urine. If you choose modern treatment methods, you wont get desired results also they have many side-effects and risks associated with them.
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Causes Of Proteinuria In Cats
Inflammation or bleeding in the lower urinary tract is most often due to:
Urinary tract stones
Crystals in the urine
Other less-frequent causes of protein in urine include:
Urinary tract polyps
Diagnosis and treatment of these underlying conditions usually resolves the proteinuria.
If the protein in your cats urine is not associated with inflammation or bleeding, then kidney disease or other systemic diseases may be the cause. Your vet will perform additional diagnostic tests to identify kidney disease.
Other chronic and concerning causes of proteinuria include:
Any systemic immune-mediated or inflammatory condition
Chronic renal disease/renal failure.
Chronic causes of proteinuria require long-term or even lifelong treatment to lessen the protein in the urine.
When Is It Ordered
A dipstick urine protein is measured frequently as a screening test whenever a urinalysis is performed. This may be done as part of a routine physical, a pregnancy workup, when a urinary tract infection is suspected, as part of a hospital admission, or whenever a healthcare practitioner wants to evaluate kidney function. Repeat testing may also be done when a previous dipstick has been positive for protein to see if the protein persists.
Specifically for monitoring people with possible kidney dysfunction, the National Kidney Foundation has established a 5-step plan for chronic kidney disease evaluation and referral using random urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio , rather than random UPCR, to screen for and determine the prognosis of CKD, for urine protein is more difficult to standardize.
A 24-hour urine protein may be ordered as a follow-up test, especially in pregnant women with a high pre-screen risk of preeclampsia, when the dipstick test shows that there is a large quantity of protein present in the urine or when protein is shown to be persistently present.
Since the dipstick primarily measures albumin, the healthcare practitioner may order a 24-hour urine protein test even when there is little protein detected on the dipstick if the practitioner suspects that there may be proteins other than albumin being released.
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If I Have A Positive Urine Protein Test What Other Tests Might Be Done In Follow Up
A positive urine protein test tells your healthcare practitioner that protein is present in your urine, but it does not indicate which types are present or the cause of the proteinuria. When investigating the reason, your healthcare practitioner may order additional laboratory tests, such as:
- Comprehensive metabolic panel âincludes tests such as BUN, creatinine, albumin and total protein, which help evaluate kidney and liver function
- A full urinalysisâif a condition such as urinary tract infection is also suspected
- Serum and urine protein electrophoresis testâto determine which proteins are being released into the urine and in what quantities this is especially true if your healthcare practitioner suspects abnormal monoclonal protein production, such as with multiple myeloma or lymphoma.
See the article on Proteinuria for more on follow-up tests.
If kidney disease or damage is suspected, your healthcare practitioner may also order imaging scans to evaluate the appearance of your kidneys.
How To Reduce Protein In Urine
This article was co-authored by Robert Dhir, MD. Dr. Robert Dhir is a board certified Urologist, Urological Surgeon, and the Founder of HTX Urology in Houston, Texas. With over 10 years of experience, Dr. Dhirs expertise includes minimally-invasive treatments for enlarged prostate , kidney stone disease, surgical management of urological cancers, and mens health . His practice has been named a Center of Excellence for the UroLift procedure, and is a pioneer in non-surgical procedures for ED using his patented Wave Therapy. He earned his undergraduate and medical degrees from Georgetown University and was awarded honors in pre-medical studies, urology, orthopedics, and ophthalmology. Dr. Dhir served as chief resident during his urological surgical residency at University of Texas at Houston / MD Anderson Cancer Center in addition to completing his internship in general surgery. Dr. Dhir was voted Top Doctor in Urology for 2018 to 2019, one of the top three Best Rated Urologists in 2019 & 2020 for Houston Texas, and Texas Monthly has named him to the 2019 & 2020 Texas Super Doctors Rising Stars list.wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. In this case, 89% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed 246,681 times.
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High Protein In Urine
Your kidneys serve, in part, to remove any waste or excess fluid from your blood, while allowing important things like proteins to remain. Healthy kidneys are really good at this job, but if you have an underlying disease or condition that affects your kidney function, proteins can pass through the filtering mechanisms in your kidneys and land in your urine. This is called proteinuria .
There are lots of different conditions that can cause proteinuria, but some of these include:
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Foamy Urine As A Sign Of Proteinuria
While foamy or frothy urine can be a sign of proteinuria, other factors can cause urine to be foamy on occasion. The foaminess should be persistent over time before considering other causes, like decreased kidney function.
If the kidneys have sustained only mild damage, proteinuria may be minimal to moderate, depending upon where in the kidney the damage has occurred. On the other hand, if the loss of kidney function is severe, proteinuria may be a contributor to nephrotic syndrome in which fluids and dyslipidemia present a more serious condition.
Symptoms of nephrotic syndrome include:
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How Often Do I Need To Have A Test For Albuminuria
People who are at increased risk for kidney disease should have this test as part of routine checkups by a healthcare provider. Those at increased risk include:
People with diabetes
People with high blood pressure
People with a family history of kidney failure
People who are 65 years or older
Certain ethnic groups including African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, American Indians
Why Is Finding Protein In My Pets Urine A Cause For Concern
Protein is a precious resource for the body, and the kidneys have an important role to prevent it from being lost in the urine. The presence of protein in urine is called proteinuria, and it may indicate that the kidneys are not working properly. In some situations, it may even be a sign of kidney failure.
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How To Get Rid Of High Protein In My Body
Your body is a fascinating, well-oiled machine that’s extremely effective at balancing the amount of protein in your blood and urine when everything is working as it should. However, certain health issues can arise, making it difficult for your body to handle excess protein on its own.
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In these cases, you may need a little help getting rid of that extra protein. Keep in mind though, that high protein levels typically only go hand in hand with kidney problems. If you suspect that you have high protein in your body, or if your doctor has already confirmed that you do, make sure you closely follow the instructions of your health care team. Never try to treat high protein in your body on your own.
Recovery And Management Of Proteinuria In Cats
Most cats with proteinuria caused by acute inflammation or bleeding have an excellent chance of recovering. While they are at risk for recurring urinary issues in the future, they often recover completely with therapy.
Cats with renal disease are often placed on a lifelong prescription diet with low protein and phosphorus. Sometimes, your vet may also prescribe probiotics or kidney supplements . It is important to discuss any supplements with your veterinarian before giving them to your cat.
Subcutaneous fluid administration at home can be helpful in maintaining hydration levels, providing electrolyte support, and flushing the kidneys. Your veterinarian can educate you on how to perform this therapy at home, including which types of fluids to use, how much to administer, and how frequently to do it.
In cases of urinary tract neoplasia, or cancer, surgery and chemotherapy are often used to achieve remission and improve quality of life. Unfortunately, most types of cancers in the urinary tract are aggressive, and even with treatment, they are not usually cured.
Chronic kidney disease is usually monitored closely with frequent visits to the vet for examination, weight checks, blood work, urinalysis, and urine protein creatinine ratio and blood pressure testing to help track any improvement and monitor the disease.
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Does Kidney Damage Go Away
In general, it does not. The goal is to detect kidney disease and damage early to minimize the damage and prolong kidney function. If the proteinuria detected is due to a kidney infection or urinary tract infection, the kidneys frequently will return to normal function as the infection resolves. If it is due to a medication, then in most cases the kidneys are likely to return to normal or near-normal function when the medication is stopped.
How Do You Remove Protein From Urine I Developed That From One Of My Chemo Tretment
lbarrett over a year ago
over a year ago
If I am not mistaking your kidneys are not doing their jobcorrectly. When you have too much protein in your urine it means that somethingis wrong with your kidneys and in your cases they were most likely damagedduring your chemotherapy. There are few treatment for your condition but I onlyknow a little about one. This is a procedure where your blood vessels need toget bigger in order for your body to improve your renal features. I am not sure how effective is this treatment andhow long does it last but you could try it. Talk to your doctors about thistreatment and see what he has to say about it.
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What If Proteinuria Is Present Without Inflammation Or Bleeding
If proteinuria is present and there is no sign of inflammation or bleeding, then serious kidney disease may exist. The best test to determine the severity of the problem is the urine protein:creatinine ratio . A protein:creatinine ratio that remains persistently high is a reliable indicator of serious kidney disease and possibly kidney failure. Further investigation is recommended and could include doing blood tests to assess kidney function, testing for bacterial infection or infectious disease, performing an ultrasound of the kidneys and possibly doing a kidney biopsy. Once a diagnosis has been made, effective management of the problem may be possible.
|Contributors: Malcolm Weir, DVM, MSc, MPH Kristiina Ruotsalo, DVM, DVSc, Dip ACVP Margo S. Tant BSc, DVM, DVSc|
Causes Of Protein In The Urine
Your kidneys, when working properly, filter waste products from your blood. They return protein and other materials that your body needs to function.
Some conditions and diseases can cause the level ofprotein in your urine to rise. Short term conditions that cause protein in the urine can include strenuous exercise, fever, heat or cold exposure and emotional distress. Long term conditions and diseases that can lead to protein in the urine include high blood pressure, kidney infection or disease, heart disease, diabetes, lupus and malaria.If a urine test reveals protein in your urine, your doctor may recommendfurther testing to determine the cause. Test may include a 24-hour urine collection to determine whether the protein in your urine is cause for concern. Your doctor may also follow up with an ultrasound or CT scan to look for issues like kidney stones or a biopsy to see what has caused damage to your kidneys.
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