How Much Protein Should You Have A Day For Weight Loss
Protein is the one macronutrient that never gets a bad rep when it comes to losing weight. Thats because eating enough protein is shown to help weight loss.
Foods that are high in protein have a thermic effect, meaning they can boost your metabolism and increase use of energy. So increasing the percentage of protein in your diet can wind up increasing energy expenditure.
Protein is also the most satiating macronutrient, leaving you feeling full and satisfied after a meal. A small 2014 study on healthy women found that eating a high protein snack after lunch led to less afternoon hunger. And 100 fewer calories were consumed at dinner compared to those noshing on high fat and high carb snacks.Aiming to consume more than 1.2 g/kg per day has also been shown to boost fullness compared to the normal range .
Intermediate: The Percentage Of Calories Method
Does the Palm Method feel a little too chill for you?
No biggie! You can also estimate your protein needs based on your target calorie intake. I recommend 25-30% of calories for active adults.
Heres how to do it:
Want to see that in action? Lets assume youre aiming for 1600 calories per day, with 30% of calories from protein:
1600*0.3 = 480480/4=120
Youre aiming for 120 grams of protein per day .
The primary upsides are that this approach promotes a balanced diet, and its also a bit more precise than the hand method.
But, there are a couple of downsides. First, the percentage approach assumes you are eating at an appropriate calorie level for your height, weight, age, and activity level. Eating too much will result in weight gain while eating too little could result in muscle loss.
And from a practical standpoint, the percentage method means that youll likely need to track calories and protein intake in an app like MyFitnessPal. Tracking can be very effective for weight loss, but its not for everyone. Its tedious, it can lead to food obsession, and lots of people havent mastered the basics enough to really do macros well.
That said, the percentage method is a decent option if you have some experience manipulating your calorie and nutrient intake.
How Do You Calculate Your Intake
To keep it straightforward lets, use a 150-pound male as an example.
First, to work out what 0.8 of 150 is, we need to do a simple calculation: 150 x 0.8 = 120
The 120 is the daily protein gram allowance our 150-pound guy wants to shoot for.
To work this out in calories, we just need to multiply 120 x 4 = 480 .
Using these calculations, we see the total gram allowance is 120g and this equals a total of 480 kcal from protein per day.
Nice and simple.
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Beans Peas And Lentils
Dry beans, peas, and lentils, also called pulses, are a subgroup of legumes. They average 8 grams of protein per 1/2-cup cooked serving and are low in fat and high in fiber .
The high fiber and protein content in pulses helps make them more filling. Whats more, the fiber may help lower your blood cholesterol if you eat pulses regularly .
In a review of 26 studies in 1,037 people, eating an average of 2/3 cup of cooked pulses daily for at least 3 weeks resulted in about a 7 mg/dL reduction in LDL cholesterol compared with control diets. That equaled an almost 5% reduction in LDL over time .
Notably, pulses are low in a few essential amino acids, the building blocks of protein in your body. However, by eating other plant protein sources over the course of a day, such as whole grains and nuts, you can fill in those gaps (
You can remove the skin either before or after cooking the fat savings are virtually the same either way. Typically, poultry cooked with the skin intact is moister .
White meat chicken and turkey, particularly the breasts, are rich in protein and low in fat if you remove the skin either before or after cooking.
Protein Intake How Much Protein Should You Eat Per Day
The exact amount of protein you need depends on many factors, including activity level, age, muscle mass, and overall health.
Few nutrients are as important as protein. Not getting enough of it will affect your health and body composition.
However, opinions regarding how much protein you need vary.
Most official nutritional organizations recommend a fairly modest protein intake.
The DRI is 0.36 grams of protein per pound of body weight.
This amounts to 54 grams per day for an 150 pound sedentary person or 65 grams per day for an 180 pound sedentary person:
This may be enough to prevent deficiency, but the amount you need depends on many factors, including your activity level, age, muscle mass, physique goals, and overall health.
This article examines the optimal amounts of protein and how lifestyle factors like weight loss, muscle building, and activity levels factor in.
Proteins are the main building blocks of your body. Theyre used to make muscles, tendons, organs, and skin, as well as enzymes, hormones, neurotransmitters, and various molecules that serve many important functions.
Proteins consist of smaller molecules called amino acids, which link together like beads on a string. These linked amino acids form long protein chains, which then fold into complex shapes.
Your body produces some of these amino acids, but you must obtain others known as essential amino acids via your diet.
Protein is not only about quantity but also quality.
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Health Benefits Of A Low
The benefits of a low-protein diet mostly apply to people with specific health conditions or diseases, rather than those who are generally healthy.
Excess protein is typically broken down by the liver, producing a waste product called urea, which is excreted by the kidneys .
This helps improve protein metabolism and prevents a buildup of urea in the bloodstream.
Having high levels of urea in the blood causes symptoms like fatigue, loss of appetite, weight loss and changes in mental status .
It may also be associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes and death in those with heart failure (
Some research has also found that low-protein diets may be associated with several health benefits for the general population.
According to one review, restricted protein intake in middle-aged adults was associated with increased life expectancy and reduced risks of chronic conditions like cancer, heart disease and diabetes .
However, more studies are still needed to evaluate the potential long-term benefits of protein restriction in healthy adults.
Summary Reducing protein intake can be beneficial for those with conditions like liver and kidney disease, phenylketonuria and homocystinuria. One review also reported that it may increase longevity and reduce the risk of chronic disease.
Percentage Of Daily Calories
The alternate method to figure out daily your daily protein needs is using the percentage of daily calories formula.
The recommended percentage of calories that should come from protein varies according to activity level.
Anywhere between 10% and 30% of your calories should come from protein, with 10% mapping to a more of a minimum acceptable level, and the 30% being on the higher side.
A high-protein diet, general recommendations suggest that 25% of your daily calories should come from protein.
Again, those following an active lifestyle should opt for a high-protein diet in order to benefit most.
Lets dive into some examples of how to use the % of daily calories method.
Its important to recall that protein has 4 calories per gram, while carbohydrates also have 4, and fats have 9.
So for someone adhering to a 2000 calorie diet, and wanting to use the % of calories method to determine a good amount of protein per day.
The math would look something like this:
Find the total calories to get the total calories we want from protein: For this high-protein diet we want 25%, or one fourth of the calories to be from protein. So 0.25 * 2000 = 500 calories total from protein.
Translate calories into grams by dividing by 4: Since we know that protein delivers 4 calories per gram, we want to divide our 500 calories by 4. So 500/4 = 125 grams of protein.
So a high-protein 2000 diet would consist of 125 grams of protein.
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Is 100g Of Protein A Day Enough To Build Muscle
To increase muscle mass in conjunction with regular exercise, the American College of Sports Medicine recommends that a person eats between 1.2-1.7 g of protein per kg of body weight per day. For a 130-lb woman looking to gain muscle mass and strength, that’s 71-100 g, and for a 150-lb man, that’s 82-116 g…. read more
Is 100g Of Protein Powder A Day Too Much
There is no definitive answer to this question as it depends on a variety of individual factors. However, in general, consuming more than 100g of protein powder per day is not necessary and could even be detrimental to ones health. Excess protein intake can lead to weight gain, digestive issues, and kidney problems. Therefore, it is best to consult with a healthcare professional before increasing protein powder intake beyond 100g per day.
Animal or plant-based protein powders are concentrated forms of protein obtained from animals or plants. Whey protein powder is made by separating whey, a byproduct of cheese production. Plant protein powders can be made from a variety of plant-based proteins, including brown rice, pea, soy, and hemp. Protein powder is a concentrated form of protein derived from plants or animals. Whey, casein, pea, soy, and rice are among the different types of food available. Manufacturers are required to evaluate the safety, effectiveness, and labeling of their products in order to meet safety, effectiveness, and packaging requirements. There is a chance that protein powders contain toxic or harmful ingredients, but this is extremely rare.
If you want to eat protein-rich foods, whey protein is a good choice. It is important to remember, however, that anything higher than 30 grams per day will be sent straight to the kidneys. As a result, if you want to add whey protein to your diet, it is best to take 12 scoops per day.
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Digging Deeper: Protein Intake Ceiling
You may have heard that you cant digest more than 30 grams of protein in one sitting. This notion of a protein intake ceiling derives partly from early studies that observed increased nitrogen losses in the urine with increased protein intakes. This was thought to mean that the extra protein was wasted.
We now know that things arent so simple. When you eat protein, your body doesnt use it directly instead, it breaks it down into its constituent amino acids and uses those to make its own proteins. When you eat more protein, your body can afford to replace more of its damaged or oxidized proteins, so that your protein synthesis and breakdown are both increased.
In other words, eating more protein increases your bodys protein turnover. The raised levels of urinary nitrogen then reflect, not a waste of eaten protein, but an increase in the breakdown of your bodys damaged or oxidized proteins.
The notion of a protein intake ceiling derives also from studies on the bodys muscle protein synthesis response to different intakes of protein.
One study in healthy young men found that eating more than 20 grams of whole-egg protein didnt further increase MPS.
Another study in younger and older people found that 90 grams of protein from 90% lean beef didnt increase MPS more than did 30 grams.
Moreover, your small intestines are able to absorb and store a large amount of amino acids, ready to be used when your body needs them.
Is 100 Grams Of Protein Enough To Build Muscle
As stated above, people in general areadvised to consume a minimum of 0.36 grams of protein per pound of body weight or 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight per day, but people who prioritize building muscle should aim for more than that minimum. Although theres not one magic number and recommendations vary by person, theAmerican College of Sports Medicine recommends 1.2 to 2.0 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight for athletes. Following that general guideline, consuming closer to 1.6 to 2.0 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight may be beneficial for bodybuilders and those looking to build muscle or maintain lean body mass. In the average 150-pound adult whos actively strength training or resistance training, that might look like 75-120 grams of protein daily 100 grams being most peoples sweet spot. It has been proposed that muscle protein synthesis is maximized in young adults at a dose of around 2025 grams of a high-quality protein.
You may have concerns that eating too much protein is bad for the kidneys, but 100 grams of protein per day is generally safe for healthy adults. High amounts of protein can be harmful to the kidneys if a person already has kidney issues however, for healthy individuals, consuming around 2.2 grams of protein per kilogram is fine, as noted in a 2010 study published in the peer-reviewed journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.
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Does Protein Have Any Negative Health Effects
Protein has been unfairly blamed for a number of health problems.
Some people believe that a high protein diet can cause kidney damage and osteoporosis, but science does not support these claims.
Though protein restriction is helpful for people with preexisting kidney problems, theres no evidence that protein can cause kidney damage in healthy people (
Overall, theres no evidence that a reasonably high protein intake has any adverse effects in healthy people trying to optimize their health.
Protein does not have any negative effects on kidney function in healthy people, and studies show that it leads to improved bone health.
The best sources of protein are meats, fish, eggs, and dairy products, as they have all the essential amino acids that your body needs.
Some plants are fairly high in protein as well, such as quinoa, legumes, and nuts.
However, most people generally dont need to track their protein intake.
If youre healthy and trying to stay that way, simply eating quality protein sources with most of your meals, along with nutritious plant foods, should bring your intake to an optimal range.
Digging Deeper: After Better Than Before
Is it better to eat before or after exercising?
In a 2020 crossover trial we first summarized for Examine Members, 8 healthy young men were divided into three groups.
All three groups performed a full-body strength workout in the morning. One group ate a meal 1.5 hours before, another just after, and the last waited for lunchtime.
This happened three times, with three days in between. Each time, the men switched to a different group. Thus, at the end of the trial, they had all tried all three meal times.
Blood insulin and certain modified amino acids were measured as indicators of muscle breakdown. The results? Eating a mixed-nutrient meal immediately after resistance training, rather than 1.5 hours before or not until lunchtime, resulted in the greatest suppression of muscle protein breakdown.
Whether or not this correlates with improvements in muscle growth and recovery, however, is unclear.
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How Much Protein Should You Eat For Muscle Gain
If youre looking to beef up your biceps, protein is one major contributor.
According to a 2018 article, to see muscle gains you want to get in more protein than your body breaks down .
Participating in resistance exercises followed by eating quality protein keeps the net protein balance positive. And continuing that pattern regularly can lead to muscle growth over time. This is why a post-workout protein shake is a staple for many weight lifters to pack on the muscle.
But the actual amount of protein needed to build muscle seems to vary. Some research states that eating about 20 to 40 g of protein after resistance exercise and every 3 hours throughout the day can help you see some gains. Other research states that targeting a protein intake of 1.6 to 2.2 g/kg per day is ideal.
The Protein Rule Of Thumb: Is 1 Gram Of Protein Per Pound Of Body Weight The Magic Number
If youve done some googling, you probably already have heard a few rule-of-thumb type recommendations for protein intake. Perhaps the most popular rule of thumb is 1 gram of protein per pound of body weight. Wait I didnt say that it is the most correct. Claiming that any rule of thumb is the most correct goes against the entire meaning of a rule of thumb since it implies a general lack of specificity. From what I have seen, the internet has become more diverse in its recommendations for protein intake. This is probably partly due to the sheer amount of available content. But it can be hard to wade through fact and fiction to land on a protein goal that you can believe in.
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Can I Lose Weight On 1500 Calories
It is possible to lose weight consuming 1,500 calories per day, but this depends on several factors including the individuals current weight, height, age, gender, activity level, and muscle mass. Generally speaking, those who are taller, heavier, or have more muscle mass will require more calories to maintain their weight, whereas smaller or sedentary individuals will require fewer calories. In order to lose weight, you must create a calorie deficit, meaning you must burn more calories than you consume each day. This can be achieved through diet and exercise, or a combination of both. If you are cutting your calorie intake from 2,000 per day down to 1,500 per day, you will need to make sure that your meals are nutrient-rich and satisfying in order to avoid feelings of hunger or malnutrition. It is also important to make sure that you are getting enough protein, as this will help to maintain your muscle mass while you are losing weight.