All The Advantages At A Glance:
- Determination of deviation from normal values with 11 indicators:Ascorbic acid , bilirubin, blood, glucose, ketone, leucocytes, nitrite, pH, protein, specific gravity, urobilinogen.
- Rapid test with vitamin C control and diagnostic aid from the specialist laboratory for checking health values in the urine, e.g. in pregnancy, diabetes, cystitis or a diet.
- Health test starter set with separate reference colour chart for all Reactif urine tests.
- High-quality and hygienic test quality with wipeable colour scale in the clinical decision area.
- Clear colour changes and highly sensitive colour fields make analysis quick and easy. An initial determination of deviations from normal values is an important part of home diagnostics.
- Reactif test strips are CE certified and approved for rapid home testing. Results already after 60 seconds. With differentiated reference colour scale. For baby, child and adults.
Evaluation aid for Reactif urine test strips:
*Data without guarantee and only exemplary an increase or decrease in the values can have a wide variety of causes, which must be clarified with a doctor for differential diagnosis. Please consult a doctor for a more precise diagnosis in case of deviating or conspicuous results!
Proteins: A high level of proteins in urine can indicate inflammation of the kidneys. In patients belonging to risk groups , measuring protein levels in urine can support the early detection of the beginnings of kidney damage.
What Does The Test Measure
At-home UTI tests check for two substances in the urine: leukocytes and nitrites.
- Leukocytes: Leukocytes are a type of white blood cell . Tests may assess WBC levels by measuring an enzyme called leukocyte esterase that is released by WBCs when they are present in the urine. Detecting leukocyte esterase in the urine is a sign of inflammation that is most often related to a urinary tract infection.
- Nitrites: Nitrites are substances that may be created in the urine when significant numbers of bacteria enter the urinary tract. Although most bacteria that cause UTIs produce nitrites in the urine, some less common microbes do not.
While finding these substances in the urine suggests a UTI in certain patients, testing for them may be misleading in people without symptoms. This is because leukocytes and nitrites may be present in the urine of people without a UTI or in people with other conditions.
How Do I Prepare For This Test
Your doctor will tell you how to prepare for the test. You may have to stop taking certain medications that can interfere with the test results. Tell your doctor about any and all supplements, prescription, and over-the-counter medications that youre taking.
Other factors can also interfere with test results. These may include how much muscle mass a person has. For example, if a person is very ill, they may not make as much of the muscle protein creatinine. On the other hand, if a person has been bodybuilding and increased their muscle mass, that can also affect the results.
Sometimes vigorous exercise alone can increase the amount of protein a person makes and spills into the urine on a given day.
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Questions For Your Doctor After At
Its important to talk to your doctor about the results of at-home UTI testing. Helpful questions for your doctor may include:
- Could a UTI be the cause of my symptoms?
- What does my at-home UTI test result mean for my health?
- What other tests are needed to diagnose or rule out a UTI?
- How can I reduce my risk of UTIs?
Purpose Of A Physician
UTI testing is ordered by doctors to diagnose or rule out a urinary tract infection as the cause of a patients symptoms. Urinary tract infections are diagnosed based on your symptoms, a physical exam, and/or urine tests. In some cases, doctors may be able to prescribe treatment for a UTI based on symptoms without additional testing.
When needed, doctors may order several urine tests to evaluate you for a UTI, including a urinalysis, urine culture, and susceptibility tests.
- Urinalysis: A urinalysis involves performing several tests on urine. These tests include an examination of the urine under a microscope and chemical tests that check the urine for various substances. A urine dipstick is one type of chemical test that may be performed during a urinalysis.
- Urine Culture: In a urine culture, a sample of urine is placed into a dish with material that enables bacterial growth. This material is called a culture. A urine culture test allows bacteria from the urine to be grown in a controlled laboratory environment. While not necessary for all patients, urine cultures can be helpful in identifying the specific bacteria that caused a persons UTI.
- Susceptibility testing: Susceptibility testing may be performed once bacteria have grown in the urine culture. Those bacteria are exposed to various antibiotics to identify the most effective one to use in treating a patient.
For more information about physician-ordered UTI testing, see our guide to UTI testing.
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How Is A Urine Test Done
A simple urine test can be done in your doctors office. You will be asked to pee into a clean cup called a specimen cup. Only a small amount of your urine is needed to do the test. Some of the urine is tested right away with a dipstick a thin, plastic strip that is placed in the urine. The rest is examined under a microscope.
How Do You Prepare For The Test
Its important that your doctor knows all the medications youre currently taking, including over-the-counter and prescription medications. Certain medications can affect the level of protein in your urine, so your doctor may ask you to stop taking a medication or to change your dose before the test.
Medications that affect protein levels in the urine include:
- antibiotics, such as aminoglycosides, cephalosporins, and penicillins
- antifungal medications, such as amphotericin-B and griseofulvin
- penicillamine , a medication used to treat rheumatoid arthritis
Its important that youre well-hydrated before giving your urine sample. This makes giving the urine sample easier and prevents dehydration, which can affect test results.
Avoid strenuous exercise before your test, as this can also affect the amount of protein in your urine. You should also wait to take a urine protein test at least three days after taking a radioactive test that used contrast dye. The contrast dye used in the test is secreted in your urine and can affect results.
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Is Kidney Disease The Same As A Kidney Infection
Kidney disease is not the same as a kidney infection. Kidney disease happens when you have a genetic or congenital issueone you were born withthat causes damage to your kidneys, or when you acquire a disease or your lifestyle choices limit your kidney function. Diabetes, heart disease, alcohol, and drug use, and other conditions can all impact your kidneyseven the medications you take. Chronic kidney disease is the result of long-term problems that lower the ability of your kidneys to process and excrete waste fluids and solutes, regulate blood pressure, and maintain the bodys fluid balance.
A kidney infection occurs when bacteria, most commonly Escherichia coli, travels from the urethra up through the bladder and ureter into one or both of your kidneys. You can also have a kidney injuryoften caused by sudden illness or certain medicationsthat can resolve in time with little permanent damage.
What Is Kidney Disease
The kidneys filter all the blood in your body every 30 minutes, and kidney disease impacts the ability of your body to filter out excess fluids. Kidney failure happens when these filters don’t do their job and fluids and other substanceselectrolytes and minerals like potassium and other waste productsbuild up to dangerous levels in the body.
An imbalance in fluids can cause swelling, blood pressure problems, irregular heart rhythms, confusion, and more.
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Observe Your Blood Glucose Ranges With Ease
You probably have diabetes, your physician will probably need you to examine your blood glucose ranges regularly at residence. Maintaining observe of your numbers may also help your physician resolve if modifications should be made to your remedy plan to raised management the situation.
You can too see how train and weight loss program have an effect on your blood glucose ranges, and with these insights, you will be higher capable of make way of life modifications to learn your well being. Blood glucose ranges are monitored with glucometers. These units work with check strips that include an enzyme known as glucose oxidase that chemically reacts with blood sugar.
While you accumulate a small blood pattern with a strip and insert it into the glucometer, the machine measures exercise of the response to find out how a lot glucose is presently current within the bloodstream.
What Is The Difference Between Micro
Albumin is a type of protein found in large amounts in the blood. Because it is a small molecule in size, it is one of the first proteins able to pass through the kidneys into the urine when there are kidney problems. This presence of small amounts of albumin in the urine is the condition called micro-albuminuria. It is important to note that some physiologic conditions may cause micro-albuminuria, such as an episode of exercising. If your urine micro-albumin is elevated, it would be worth repeating after a day or two of no exercising.
As kidney damage progresses and the amount of albumin in the urine increases, the name of the condition changes from micro-albuminuria to macro-albuminuria or proteinuria.
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What Do The Urine Protein Test Results Mean
Theres a range of test results that can indicate normal kidney function. Your healthcare provider will discuss the ranges with you and tell you about your specific results. High values might mean that theres kidney disease or damage. If your test result shows a high level of protein or albumin, its likely that your provider will repeat the test.
If your second test is also high, your healthcare provider may order additional tests to further check your kidney function. When either diabetes or high blood pressure is the cause of the albuminuria, treatment of these problems may reduce albuminuria or its progression to kidney disease. Certain blood pressure medications inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers) are especially helpful at limiting kidney damage after micro-albuminuria or albuminuria has been found.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 02/23/2020.
How To Prepare For The Test
Different medicines can change the result of this test. Before the test, tell your provider which medicines you are taking. DO NOT stop taking any medicine before talking to your provider.
The following may also interfere with test results:
- Dye if you have a radiology scan within 3 days before the urine test
- Strenuous exercise
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Are There Tests To Diagnose The Cause Of Proteinuria
Proteinuria itself can be diagnosed with a simple dipstick test. This involves dipping a specially treated paper strip into a sample of urine. Results are returned within one to two minutes.
To measure the exact amount of protein excreted in the urine, your healthcare provider may recommend a 24-hour urine collection test. By evaluating the composition of urine collected over 24 hours , the lab can calculate how much protein is passed each day.
What Is The 24
The 24-hour urine protein test checks how much protein is being spilled into the urine, which can help detect disease or other problems. The test is simple and noninvasive.
Urine samples are collected in one or more containers over a period of 24 hours. The containers are kept in a cool environment and then sent to a lab for analysis. Specialists then check the urine for protein.
When higher-than-normal amounts of protein are in the urine, its called proteinuria. This is often a sign of kidney damage and disease.
The test doesnt show what kinds of protein are in the urine. To determine this, your doctor may also order tests such as a serum and urine protein electrophoresis. The test also doesnt show the cause of the protein loss.
Occasionally, proteinuria isnt a sign of kidney damage. This is especially true for children. Protein levels may be higher during the day than the night. Other factors, such as extreme exercise, may also influence the test results.
- preeclampsia screening during pregnancy
The 24-hour urine protein test consists of multiple samples of urine taken over a 24-hour period. Its different from a protein-to-creatinine ratio test, which uses just one sample of urine. The 24-hour urine protein test may be given as a follow-up to a positive protein-to-creatinine ratio test.
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How To Treat Proteinuria
Proteinuria is not a disease but rather a condition caused by another illness. As such, the treatment is mainly focused on resolving or managing the underlying cause.
For instance, the symptoms of acute kidney injuryâformerly known as acute kidney failureâwill usually clear once the underlying condition is treated. In most cases, the kidney function will return to normal with no permanent damage to the kidneys.
With chronic kidney disease , the focus is placed on improving the function of the kidneys to slow the progression of the disease. With respect to proteinuria, lifestyle measures will help control diabetes and high blood pressure as ways to slow progression of the disease.
In addition, medications like ACE inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers help reduce urine protein levels.Statin drugs, used to reduce cholesterol, appear to have similar benefits in people with CKD.
Studying The Effectiveness Of Home Urinalysis Kits
In children with kidney disease, proteinuria is an important marker of kidney damage as well as chronic kidney disease progression. Among the nephrotic syndrome population, proteinuria testing helps to determine relapse or remission status and dictates further management.
Obtaining a urinalysis is standard of care for all nephrology clinic visits at Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia , and certain patient populations are asked to bring a first morning urine sample from home for testing in clinic. Home urine dipstick testing for proteinuria is standard of care for children with nephrotic syndrome.
Our patients and families currently use the Albustix® urine dipstick test to detect proteinuria at home. The child urinates into a cup and the stick is dipped into the urine. The family can then visually compare the color on the dip stick to the color chart on the Albustix® container. Dip stick results are recorded by the family and given to our team over the phone or in person at a later clinic visit. If parents are not able to interpret the results of the Albustix® test, they must come to clinic to have the results interpreted by our team.
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Huge Variety And Selection
The online platforms around the world are growing exponentially in size, and that applies to the selection of products as well. As they get more popular, more and more brands sign up to sell their products on online platforms.
They have a wide range of products across many categories, divided and organized well. This helps you find exactly what you are looking for easily. You may even get software-generated recommendations for products you may need. This includes protein in urine test strips cvs and many more.
Having a huge variety means that you can assess your preferences and choices. You can choose from a range of alternatives before purchasing. This is often not the case in most physical stores, where there is a limitation to the number of brands.
Urine Test For Kidney Disease At Home Kidney Test
Most people with some sort of kidney damage tend to leak out protein while urinating. This is caused because your kidneys are unable to block limited amounts of protein from passing through the kidneys. This issue can adversely affect your albumin levels.
In todays video, Robert breaks down the urine test dipstick and makes it very simple on how to use them to check for protein in the urine or to monitor your kidney disease. Our previous video on urinalysis gives an overview of the urine test strips.
If youre looking to try this out, you can easily find these urine test strips at any local drug store. Theyre also available online. This video focuses on how to read your protein levels by using the urine test strip.
To start off, collect some urine in a container and swiftly dip the test strip in and take it out. The tiny colored squares on the test strip are going to change and you match the observations to the color chart on the container.
While Robert tested his urine using the dipstick, he read the protein levels and had approximately 100mg of protein in his urine after he matched the colors. A suitable range to be within would be 40mg to 150mg. The majority of people tend to have less than 40mg of protein in their urine.
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Why The Test Is Performed
This test is most often done when your provider suspects you have kidney disease. It may also be used as a screening test for kidney disease, for example in people with diabetes.
Although small amounts of protein are normally in urine, a routine dipstick test may not detect them. A urine microalbumin test can be performed to detect small amounts of albumin in the urine that may not be detected on dipstick testing. If the kidney is diseased, proteins may be detected on a dipstick test, even if blood protein levels are normal.
How The Test Is Performed
After you provide a urine sample, it is tested. The health care provider uses a dipstick made with a color-sensitive pad. The color on the dipstick tells the provider the level of protein in your urine.
If needed, your provider may ask you to collect your urine at home over 24 hours. Your provider will tell you how to do this. Follow instructions exactly so that the results are accurate.
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